Study of Naturally Woven Coconut Leaf Sheath-Reinforced Polypropylene Matrix Based Composites
Pinku Poddar, Kamol Dey, Sumon Ganguli, Shahin Sultana, Husna Parvin Nur, A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury
J. Pure App. Chem. Res. Vol 7, No 3 (2018), pp.
Submitted: February 17, 2018     Accepted: May 14, 2018     Published: September 01, 2018

Abstract



Renewable materials have gained significant attraction as reinforcement in polymer matrix composites. Naturally woven coconut leaf sheath (CLS) fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared by compression molding. Different composites were fabricated varying the weight percentage of CLS fiber (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 wt%) . Hydrophilic nature of the CLS fiber was evaluated using water uptake test. Structural feature of the composites was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy. Mechanical performance was investigated using tensile and bending tests. Fiber reinforcement significantly increased the mechanical properties of the composites. Moreover, thermal properties and degradation nature of the composites were investigated.


Keywords : Coconut leaf sheath fiber, polypropylene, composite, mechanical properties, thermal properties, soil degradation.


References


Mohanty AK, Misra M and Hinrichsen G, Macromol Mater Eng, 2000, 276/ 277, 1–24. [2] Mittal V, Saini R and Sinha S, Composites Part B, 2016, 99, 425-435. [3] Riccieri JE, De Carvalho LH and Vazquez A, Polym Composite, 1999, 20(1), 29–37. [4] Woodhams R, Thomas TG and Rodgers DK, Polym Eng Sci, 1984, 24(15), 1166-1171. [5] Klason C and Kubat J, Cellulose in polymer composites, composite system from natural and synthetic polymers, Salmen L. et al. edition, 1986, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam. [6] Kuruvilla J, Siby V, Kalaprasad G, Thomas S, Prasannakumari L and Pavithran C, Euro Poly J, 1996, 32, 1243-1250. [7] Oksman K, Wallström L, Berglund LA and Filho RDT, J App Polym Sci, 2001, 84, 2358-2365. [8] De Albuquerque AC, Kuruvilla J, De Carvalho LH and d’Almeida JRM, Comp Sci Tech, 2000, 60, 833-844. [9] Abdullah-Al-Kafi and Abedin MZ, J Reinf Plast Comp, 2006, 25, 575-588. [10] Wisittanawata U, Thanawanb S and Amornsakchai T, Polym Test, 2014, 35, 20–27. [11] George J. Sreekala MS and Sabu T, J Reinf Plast Comp, 1998, 17, 651-672. [12] Srinivasana VS. Boopathya SR. Sangeethaa D and Ramnath BV, Mater Design, 2014, 60, 620–627. [13] Benítez AN. Monzón MD. Angulo I. Ortega Z. Hernández PM and Marrero MD, Measurement, 2013, 46, 1065–1073. [14] Pothan LA. Sabu T and Neelakantan NR, J Reinf Plast Comp, 1997, 16, 744-765. [15] Kabir H. Gafur MA. Ahmed F. Begum F and Qadir MR, Universal J Mater Sci, 2014, 2(6), 119-124. [16] Murali Mohan RK and Mohana RK, Compos Struct, 2007, 77, 288-295. [17] Mohanty JR. Das SN. Das HC and Swain SK, Polym Composite, 2013, 34(6), 959-966. [18] Rozman HD. Tay GS. Kumar RN. Abubakar A. Ismail H and Ishak ZAM, Polym Plast Tech Eng, 1999, 38, 997-1011. [19] Abdul K. Hanida S. Kang CW and Fuad NA, Reinf Plast Comp, 2009, 26, 203-218. [20] Dey K. Sharmin N. Khan RA. Nahar S. Parsons AJ and Rudd CD, J Thermoplast Compos, 2011, 24, 695-711. [21] Garcia M. Vliet GV. Jain S. Zyl WEV and Boukamp B, Rev Adv Mater Sci, 2004, 6, 169-175. [22] Karmaker AC and Hinrichsen G, Polym Plast Technol Eng, 1999, 30, 609-621. [23] Khan MA. Hinrichsen G and Drzal LT, J Mat Sci Lett, 2001, 20, 1211-1713. [24] Bledzki AK and Gassan J, J Prog Polym Sci, 1999, 24, 221-274. [25] Wambua P. Ivan J Verport I, J Comp Sci Tech, 2003, 63, 1259–1264. [26] Czvikovszky T, Nuclear Instr Methods Phys Res B, 1995, 105, 233–237. [27] Rahman MM. and Khan M.A, Compos Sci Tech, 2007, 67, 2369-2376. [28] Poddar P. Asad MA. Islam MA. Sultana S. Nur SP and Chowdhury AMS, Adv Mater Sci, 2016, 1(2), 1-4. [29] Mishra S. Mohanty AK. Drzal LT. Misra M. Parija S. Nayak SK and Tripathy SS. Compos Sci Technol, 2003, 63(10), 1377. [30] Cantero G. Arbelaiz A. Llano-Ponte R. and Mondragon I, Compos Sci Technol, 2003, 3, 1247-1254. [31] Thwe. MM and Liao K, Compos Part A- Applied Sci Manuf, 2002, 33, 43–52. [32] Soykeabkaew N. Supaphol P and Rujiravanit R, Carbohy Polym, 2004, 58, 53-63. [33] Björdal CG, J Cult Herit 2012, 13(3), 118–S122.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.