Study on Physico-Chemical Parameters of Wastewater Effluents from Cotton Development Plant of Maroua-Cameroon
The present research work deals with the study of some of the important physico-chemical parameters of wastewater effluents collected from Maroua cotton processing plant named “SODECOTON”. The effluents were studied from the month of June 2016 to August 2017. A preliminary investigation was carried out on the source of water used by the plant and management of its wastewater effluent. All parameter were analyzed as per the standard methods. Water quality parameters such as temperature, pH, Electrical Conductivity, Total Dissolved Solid, Total Suspended Solid, Biological Oxygen Demand, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Total Nitrogen Kjeldahl, Nitrate and Phosphate were analysed. Results of this study shows that nearly all values of these parameters were above permissible limit. These values are significantly higher during the rainy season (from May –December) than dry season (January-April). Water used by the plant is from bore hole. This water is treated by less adapted technology prior to use and thus probably contribute in the pollution load of the plant’s wastewater effluent. Wastewater from the plant is discharged without being treated and without any quality analysis. This behaviour is due to very relax regulation, absence of monitoring and enforcement by government authorities.
 Hanchang, SHI. Point sources of pollution: local effects and its control. – Vol. I - Industrial Wastewater-Types, Amounts and Effects, P 442, ISBN: 978-1-84826-167-9 (eBOOK)
 WHO., 2002, Water Pollutants: Biological Agents, Dissolved Chemicals, Non-dissolved Chemicals, Sediments, Heat, WHO CEHA, Amman, Jordan
 Tamburlini,G., Ehrenstein,O.V. and Bertollini R.,2002, Children’s Health and Environment: A Review of Evidence, In: Environmental Issue Report No. 129, WHO/European Environment Agency, WHO Geneva, pp 223.
 Kupechella, C.E. and Hyland M.C., 1989, Environmental Science, Allyn and Baron, London
 Novick, R., 1999, Overview and the Health in Europe in the 1990s, World Health Organization, Europe Regional Office, Copenhagen, EUR/ICP/EH/CO 02 02 05/6, pp 20.
 WHO., 2000, WHO Air Quality Guidelines, 2nd Edition, World Health Organization, Europe Regional Office, Copenhagen
 WHO., 1993, Guidelines for Technologies for Water Supply Systems in Small Communities, World Health Organization, CEHA 1993
 Ghoreishi, S.M and Haghighi, R., 2003, Chemical Catalytic Reaction and Biological Oxidation for Treatment of non-Biodegradable Textile Effluent, Chemical Engineering Journal, 95, 163–169.
 Nemerow, N.L., 1978, Industrial Water Pollution: Origins, Characteristics and Treatment. AddisonWesley, Reading, Massachusetts, pp 738
 Vigneshpriya, D., Shanthi, E., 2015, Physicochemical Characterization of Textile Waste Water, International journal of innovative research & development,Vol 4 Issue 10,48-51
 Yusuff, R.O., SONIBARE, J.A.,2004, Characterization of textile industries’ effluents in Kaduna, Nigeria and pollution implications, Global Nest: the Int. J. Vol 6, No 3, pp 212-221
 Gatcha-Bandjun, N., 2016, Evaluation du potentiel des filtres à base de fer métallique pour l’approvisionnement en eau et la salubrité urbaine: Cas de la ville de Maroua (Cameroun), Approvisionnement en eau potable en Afrique, Une technologie appropriée pour relever le défi, Africa & Science, page 37
 WHO., 2006, Guidelines for technologies for water supply systems in small communities (World Health Organization, CEHA)
 Ademoroti, C M A., 2011, Standard Method for water and effluents analysis, Foludex press Ltd, Ibadan 22-23, 44-54, 111-112
 APHA (American public Health Association).,2012, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd Edn., 45-60,
 Anonyme., 2005, Arrêté N°0079/SCNIIC du 06 juin 2005portant sur la réglementation des rejets et émissions des Installations Classées pour la Protection de l’Environnement. Article 10
 Lokhande Ram, S., Singare Pravin, U., Pimple Deepali, S., 2011, Study on Physico-Chemical Parameters of Waste Water Effluents from Taloja Industrial Area of Mumbai, India. International Journal of Ecosystem; 1(1): 1-9. DOI: 10.5923/j.ije.20110101.01
 Begum, A., HariKrishna and Khan, I., 2009, Analysis of Heavy metals in Water, Sediments and Fish samples of Madivala Lakes of Bangalore Karnataka. Int.J. ChemTech Res., 1(2): 245-249
 Tsamo Cornelius, Abba Paltahe and Tize Deli., 2017, Investigating the Pollution of Lake Mofole (Cameroon) Using Field Studies, It’s Water, Sediments, Fish Content and Nearby Well Water. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 17 (1): 22-29,
 Princic, A., Mahne, I., Megasus, F., Paul, E. A., Tidje, J. M., 1998, Effects of pH and oxygen and Ammonium concentrations on the community structure of nitrifying bacteria from wastewater. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 64(10): 3584-3590.
 Sonune, NA., Mungal, NA and Kamble, SP., 2015, Study of physico-chemical characteristics of domestic wastewater in Vishnupuri, Nanded, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci 4(1): 533-536
 Sultana, M., Islam, M., Sahaa, R. and Al-Mansur, M., 2009, Impact of the effluents of textile dyeing industries on the surface water quality inside D.N.D (Dhaka- Narayanganj-Demra) Embankment, Narayanganj. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 44: 65-80.
 Gebrekidan, M. and Samuel Z., 2011, Concentration of Heavy Metals in Drinking Water from Urban Areas of the Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia. CNCS, Mekelle University ISSN: 2220-184X, 3 (1): 105-121.
 Shrinivasa Rao, B. and Venkateswaralu, P., 2000, Physicochemical analysis of selected groundwater samples. Indian J. Environ. Prot. 20: 161-164
 Jain, C.K., 2002, A hydro-chemical study of a mountainous watershed: the Ganga, India. Water Res. 3: 1262-1274
 Ramesh Babu, K. and Selvanayagam, M., 2013, Seasonal Variations in Physico-Chemical Parameters and Heavy Metals Concentration in Water and Sediment of Kolavoi Lake, Chengalpet, India. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 5(1): 532-549
 Sulieman, S., Fischinger, SA., Gresshoff, PM et al., 2010, Asparagine as a major factor in the N-feedback regulation of N2 fixation in Medicago truncatula. Physiol Plant 140:21-31
 Lokhande Vinayak, H., Srivastava Sudhakar., Patade Vikas, Y., Dwivedi Sanjay., Tripathi R.D., Nikam T.D., Suprasanna P., 2011, Investigation of arsenic accumulation and tolerance potential of Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. Science for environmental technology,chemosphere 82(4): 529-534
 Ehouman Missa, J., Yapo Bernard, O., Gnagne Agness Essoh Jean Eudes Y., Ziao Nahossé., 2017, Physico-Chemical Characterization of Industrial Liquid Discharges of Soap Factories in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 5, 198-210. DOI: 10.4236/gep.58016
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.